THE ‘HOW’ of NEP 2020
THE ‘HOW’ of NEP 2020
This is the third in a four-part national education policy series that the Herald is leading. The articles, written by the GDP Foundation, aim to explain the policy and suggest practical solutions that can be implemented by the state. There was a terrific response to part one and part two and we would post part of the response we received at the end of the series.
In the previous two articles we have explored the objectives and inherent challenges – the “WHY” aspect and the critical “What” aspects, we now move on to the “HOW” aspect, here we will focus on the systems required for the transition, installation and execution of NEP on a sustainable and results-oriented basis. We have six months at our disposal to build the foundation, the traction and if we invest it wisely, proactively, the state will not only be prepared for the transition to NEP from the next academic year but will likely be the first state to implement NEP 2020 in a structured and systemic manner.
For the ‘How To’ aspect, it is important to have an overview of the current statistics of educational institutions in Goa, which are also under
Public Primary Schools – North Goa = 334
Public Primary Schools – South Goa = 394
Government Colleges – (North and South Goa) = 38
Government high schools (Central and State) = 85
Government subsidized primary schools – North Goa = 128
Government subsidized primary schools – South Goa = 156
Unassisted primary schools – North Goa = 67
Primary schools not supported -South Goa = 65
Government Assisted Colleges – North Goa = 13
Government subsidized colleges – South Goa = 3
Government subsidized high schools – North Goa = 145
Government subsidized high schools – South Goa = 176
Non-assisted high schools (North and South) = 29
Upper secondary schools (government and government, with and without assistance) = 117
Specialized schools = 29
Colleges offering UG / PG = app.28 plus
Colleges offering BBA / MBA = app.10
University of Goa
(Reference – Department of Education – Statistics section)
A transformative change which is also a race against the clock will require a team selected as “drivers” and a “Kurt Lewin” method comprising the following 3 steps.
The execution of the NEP will essentially require teams in place as under
State level – Secretary (Education, Revenue), Directors (Education, Higher Education, SCERT), Secretary of Education, OD consulting Trust / firm / media representative preferably publishers.
District level – Under Secretaries / Collectors / Deputy Directors (Education / SCERT), OD / Trust / Principals consultancy / media representative Senior Journalists.
Talukas – Assistant Secretaries / Principals / Principal Teachers / Alumni / PTAs / Local Politicians, Subject Matter Experts / Industry Representatives.
Teaching unit – Principal / Coordinators / Management committee / PTA / External experts / Students.
Kurt Lewin Method
The UNFREEZE step.
The NEP 2020 transition being a paradigm shift, somewhat similar to the change in the engine of the jumbo jet as it sails at 30,000 feet altitude, so it is linked to both open and covert resistance, if doubts, anxieties and expectations are not addressed constructively. lead to reluctance or a timid commitment in its implementation, which goes against the very objective.
The thawing step will essentially require the following steps.
PREPARATORY STAGE (by October)
Identification of stakeholders at State / District / Taluka / Educational institute level.
Complete internalization of the NEP policy document by each stakeholder (in-depth reading, note taking, etc.)
AWARENESS STAGE (by October)
This will require a coherent media awareness campaign / dialogues / discussions / deliberation among stakeholders and the community at large and an open and transparent feedback system.
The MOVE scene
Once the thaw is in place, the levels of trust and engagement of stakeholders increase and they are now cognitively and emotionally ready for the “Move” stage which is essentially “the architecture of the solution” as under.
THE DRAWING TABLE – BLUE PRINTS (November-December)
Drawing on the data points of effectiveness, efficiency and use of several national health programs, to ensure a smooth journey for NEP, both approaches will need to be executed simultaneously, such as tunneling from both ends .
The top-down approach using the Macro NEP model from state to district via Talukas and educational units.
Bottom-up approach using the Micro NEP model from the educational unit in Talukas to the district to the state.
The Macro NEP model
How it works?
We have to move from right to left (see figure 1) and analyze each block at a time, then its interdependence with the other blocks, we start with “Strategy” then move on to People, Systems and Resources, Structure and Beliefs, this model needs to map at 3 levels
1) State – Macro NEP model
2) District – NEP Macro Model
3) Talukas – Macro NEP model
The Micro NEP model
Micro model for CIP
How it works?
The model covers 6 basic variables of an educational institution, namely
Staff (teachers / counselors) deployed
Materials used for teaching
Machines – automation, digitization
Management -Environment of the educational unit
The “Move” step will perform the following operations
DETECTION AUDIT – CAPTURING EXISTING REALITIES IN THE FIELD
Before embarking on NEP compliance, it is essential to analyze the realities on the ground at the state, district and each level of Taluka taking into account the variance of socio-cultural-economic and political conditions. .
Covida has severely affected the education system and its morale – with the suspension of physical classes for almost 2 years, the dilution of the curriculum, the haphazard transition online with connectivity, challenges, mental stress levels, hence a subjective and objective assessment of the terrain / existing reality is a prerequisite.
The scope of the detection audit should mainly cover the following.
The preparation quotient for the NEP 2020 according to the new educational structure, namely Basic / Preparatory / Middle / Secondary / Upper secondary / UG
The current / existing capacities / capacities for each block (Macro NEP model) and 6M of the Micro NEP model.
Detection can be performed by applying the Kepner Tregoe model  on each component of the Macro and Micro model.
Detection reports should be tabled for iterative deliberation in a time-bound manner.
If Rigor and commitment are assured, ‘Sensing’ can be achieved in 2 to 3 weeks.
DIAGNOSIS – STRENGTHS / IDENTIFICATION OF GAPS
At this point, the patterns emerging from the “detection stages” need to be investigated and analyzed to understand the square wheels / forces / deviations.
The diagnostic step will help us understand the pain points at each level and also in specific places (see Macro and Micro models).
The effectiveness of the diagnosis is directly proportional to the iterative deliberations undertaken, preferably with a third party as moderator. 
The FFA also gives the required space to each stakeholder to place their opinions / perspectives / concerns / ideas leading to engagement.
FFA also stimulates constructive collective thinking as it provides stakeholders with multiple options to achieve goals.
The REFREEZE step
This stage will be in two parts: Pre-go-live (tests) and Go Live (traction).
The Pre-Go-live part will have the following plan
A) INTERVENTIONS – NEP PILOT PROJECTS (January to March)
This is the stage where the NEP framework is deployed on an experimental basis using the qualitative and quantitative data generated during the diagnostic phase, this stage requires the start of a pilot project limited in time (3 months) in the educational units of North and South Goa this experimental group should basically have the following elements
A primary school
A UG college
It must be ensured that at the intervention stage, the capacity and capacities of all the blocks of the Macro model and of the 6M of the Micro model are improved, refurbished and rejuvenated.
As the pilot starts up, the weekly plan versus actual need should be plotted using mapping techniques and in-depth monthly review using participation observations, group discussions targeted, content analysis, 360-degree feedback, assessment centers are essential and based on the same ongoing course corrections. must be done to ensure that there is no derailment.
ACTION RESEARCH (April)
The achievements / shortcomings of the “Intervention” part must be compiled, shared and deliberated in order to constitute a robust model for the “Mega launch” for the next academic year (June 2021)
The Go-live (traction) (May)
A complete macro and micro model and a SOP to be rewritten based on experiential learning and “action research” results at all levels, i.e. State / District / Taluka / Educational Unit.
For traction, one can create a SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) model or use a Build Operate Transfer model) for a minimum period of 3 to 5 years with a caveat that the educational units eventually become autonomous to perform the NEP by themselves.
The NEP needs a critical mass of local change agents from diverse backgrounds, preferably those who are deeply rooted in the socio-cultural fabric of Goa and who are passionate about their contribution.
Goa has the critical mass of experts / unsung heroes / skilled retired academics / senior bureaucrats, philanthropists. We must first visit our backyard before blindly rushing to hire MNC consultancy firms for NEP execution.
A strong and thriving education sector is at the heart of Goa’s quest for equitable, inclusive and sustainable growth, therefore, building a society that provides equitable access to opportunities denies disparities is a collective responsibility.
NEP 2020 presents a unique opportunity to rise to the challenge. It’s a call to action. This can only happen if collective authorship precedes collective ownership.
NEP has a lot to offer in terms of return on investment and return on investment, we will talk about that in our next article titled “NEP 2020 and the way forward”.
Figure  – 364 days of Transformation
Figure  – Ishikawa Diagram / Fishbone Analysis
Figure  – Kurt Lewin model FFA
Table  – Kepnor Tregoe model
Article written by
Kishore Shah – Managing Director: GDP Foundation
Shivram Krishnan – Director: GDP Foundation
Col Sukhaman Singh (ret): Dep. Director: GDP Foundation
E-mail [email protected] /