Income of 94.11% of registered informal workers at Rs 10,000 or less
Over 94 percent of the 27.69 million informal sector workers registered on the e-Shram portal have a monthly income of Rs 10,000 or less and over 74 percent of the registered workforce belongs to scheduled castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC), according to the latest data.
The proportion of informal workers receiving a monthly income of Rs 10,000 or less was 92.37% in mid-November 2021, when the total number of registrations on the e-Shram portal was just over 8 crore .
Those belonging to SC, ST and OBC who registered on the portal were 72.58% in mid-November 2021.
Experts are of the view that as registrations progress on the e-Shram portal towards the ultimate goal of registering all informal sector workers estimated at 38 crore in the country, the data would show stark disparities in the society.
The e-Shram portal aims to create a comprehensive national database of non-unionized workers (NDUW) in the country.
The portal’s goal is to boost last-mile delivery of social protection schemes for more than 38 million non-unionized workers in the country. It was launched on August 26, 2021.
Experts are of the view that almost all the targeted informal sector workers should be registered on the e-Shram portal in this calendar year alone, which would provide a great opportunity for political leaders to develop evidence-based policy. for the majority of the underprivileged. courses in the country.
According to the latest data, no less than 27.69 million workers in the informal sector are registered on the portal and show that this unorganized workforce lives in extreme poverty and that a majority of them belong to socially backward communities.
The data showed that 94.11% of the registered informal workers have a monthly income of Rs 10,000 or less, while 4.36% have a monthly income between Rs 10,001 and Rs 15,000.
The social class analysis of the data shows that 74.44 percent of registered workers are below the socially backward classes, including 45.32 percent OBC, 20.95 percent SC and 8.17 percent ST. The proportion of workers in the general category is 25.56%.
The analysis of the data by age shows that 61.72% of the workers registered on the portal are between 18 and 40 years old, while 22.12% are between 40 and 50 years old.
The proportion of registered workers over the age of 50 is 13.23%, while 2.93% of workers are between 16 and 18 years old.
The analysis by gender shows that 52.81 percent of the registered workers are women and 47.19 percent are men.
The top 5 states in terms of registrations are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha.
When it comes to occupation, agriculture comes out on top with 52.11% of registrations made by those related to the agricultural sector, followed by domestic and domestic workers at 9.93% and construction workers at 9.13%.
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