High impact on inflation Black Latinos Native Americans | New
Substantial shares of Latinos and Native Americans also report serious problems during this period.
For Immediate Release: August 8, 2022
Boston, MA – A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health poll shows that at a time when households across the United States widely report severe inflation problems, Black Americans are significantly more likely than Whites to report that they are currently experiencing serious financial problems during this period (55% to 38%, see Table 1). Black adults also report facing more serious problems in several areas compared to white Americans – notably, they are more likely than whites to report not having enough emergency savings to cover at least one month of their expenses (58% to 36%) and have serious problems. problems getting food (32% versus 21%).
In addition, a larger share of black renters (16%) report having been evicted or threatened with eviction in the past year than white renters (9%, see Figure 1).
This survey, Personal experiences of racial/ethnic American minorities in today’s trying times, was conducted from May 16 to June 13, 2022 among 4,192 American adults. The report details findings among the five largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States: 1,216 non-Hispanic white adults, 1,103 black adults, 1,066 Hispanic/Latino adults, 552 Asian adults, and 180 Native American adults ages 18 and older. more. See Methodology below for more details.
“The serious problem of inflation affects black families more than many other Americans. Millions of minority households across the country are facing distinct and serious financial challenges during this time, many facing eviction and facing unsafe conditions in their neighborhoods, with few options to help them. said Robert J. Blendon, co-director. of Inquiry and Richard L. Menschel Professor of Public Health and Emeritus Professor of Health Policy and Policy Analysis at Harvard Chan School.
When it comes to the Hispanic/Latino community, Latinos are significantly more likely than Whites to report that they are currently in serious financial trouble during this period (48% to 38%, see Table 1), as well as not having enough emergency savings to cover at least one month of their expenses (53% to 36%), having serious problems getting food (30% vs 21%), and having serious problems paying their mortgage or rent (26% vs. 14%).
Within the Native American community, Native Americans are significantly more likely than whites to report that they currently have serious financial problems during this period (63% to 38%, see Table 1), as well as not having having enough emergency savings to cover at least one month of their expenses (58% to 36%) and having serious problems getting food (39% vs 21%).
Given the economic diversity of the Asian American population, the survey examined the experiences of low-income Asian American adults (earning
“Even though there are many programs to help families with food costs, there are much higher rates of racial and ethnic minority households in the United States who currently say they face serious problems for Eat. This will likely have major immediate and longer-term health consequences for millions of families,” said Mary Findling, associate director of the Harvard Opinion Research Program at Harvard Chan School.
In this time when medical care has been interrupted, nationwide, 19% of US households with serious illnesses also struggled to find timely health care for those illnesses. Among U.S. households where someone has been seriously ill in the past year, 35% of Native American households, 24% of Black households, 18% of Latino households, 18% of White households, and 10% of Asian households report that they were unable to get medical treatment for serious illnesses when they needed it.
Additionally, across all racial/ethnic groups in America, housing affordability and crime are currently viewed as serious neighborhood issues by a significant portion of adults. The majority of adults from all racial/ethnic groups (74% Latinos, 65% Asians, 65% Whites, 61% Blacks, and 61% Native Americans) say the lack of affordable housing to buy is a serious problem in themselves. neighborhoods. Of note, a significant number of people in minority communities report neighborhood crime as a serious problem in today’s world. Forty percent of Native American adults, 35% of Black adults, 35% of Latino adults, 28% of White adults, and 22% of Asian adults say crime is currently a serious problem in their own neighborhood.
See the full survey results.
The poll for this study is part of an ongoing series of surveys developed by researchers at the Harvard Opinion Research Program (HORP) at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and NPR. The research team is made up of the following members at each institution.
Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health: Robert J. Blendon, Emeritus Professor of Health Policy and Policy Analysis and Executive Director of HORP; John M. Benson, Principal Investigator and Managing Director of HORP; Mary G. Findling, deputy director of HORP; Loren Saulsberry, Assistant Professor, Health Services Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Chicago; Chelsea Whitton Pearsall, HORP Research Coordinator.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: Carolyn Miller, Senior Program Officer, Research-Evaluation-Learning; Jordan Reese, Director of Media Relations; Maryam Khojasteh, Program Officer, Research, Evaluation, Learning.
NPR: Andrea Kissack, Senior Editor, Office of Science; Will Stone, Editor, Office of Science; Marcia Davis, editor of Race and Identity, national office; Jason DeRose, Editor, National Office.
Interviews were conducted online and by telephone (mobile and landline), from May 16 to June 13, 2022, with a nationally representative probability sample of 4,192 adults aged 18 or older in the United States. United. Data collection was conducted in English and Spanish by SSRS. (Glen Mills, PA), an independent research company. The survey included nationally representative samples of white, black, Latino, Asian and Native American Americans.
The sample consisted of two main components: (1) An address-based sample (ABS), with respondents randomly selected from the United States Postal Service’s Computerized Delivery Sequence (CDS) file. These sampled households received an invitation letter that included a link to complete the survey online and a toll-free number that respondents could call to complete the survey with a telephone interviewer. All respondents received a reminder postcard, which also included a QR code they could scan to be linked to the survey via a smart device. Households that could be matched to telephone numbers and had not yet responded to the survey were called in an attempt to complete an interview; (2) Respondents contacted via the SSRS Opinion Panel and the Ipsos Knowledge Panel, two online probability panels that recruit respondents by address-based sampling. In order to represent the hardest-to-reach populations, address-based sampling was supplemented with interviews using Advanced Cellular Frame (ACF), a random sample of cell phone numbers. A total of 3,791 respondents completed the questionnaire online and 401 by telephone.
Possible sources of non-sampling error include nonresponse bias, and the effects of question wording and order. Nonresponse produces some known biases in survey-derived estimates, as turnout tends to vary for different subgroups of the population. To compensate for these known biases and variations in probability of selection within and between households, the samples were weighted to match the distribution of the population based on data from the US Census Current Population Survey (CPS) 2021 Desk. Weighting parameters included: gender, age, education level, race/ethnicity, region, and party identification.
Photo: AP Photo/John Minchillo
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Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health
Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health brings together dedicated experts from many disciplines to educate new generations of global health leaders and generate powerful ideas that improve the lives and health of people everywhere. As a community of leading scientists, educators and students, we work together to bring innovative ideas from the lab to people’s lives, not only achieving scientific breakthroughs, but also working to change the individual behaviors, public policies and health care practices. Each year, more than 400 Harvard Chan faculty members teach more than 1,000 full-time students from around the world and train thousands more through online and executive education courses. Founded in 1913 as the Harvard-MIT School of Health Officers, the school is recognized as America’s oldest professional public health training program.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) is committed to improving health and health equity in the United States. In partnership with others, we work to develop a culture of health rooted in equity that provides every individual with a fair and equitable opportunity to thrive, no matter who they are, where they live or how much money he owns. For more information, visit www.rwjf.org. Follow the Foundation on Twitter at www.rwjf.org/twitter or on Facebook at www.rwjf.org/facebook.
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